- One of the four major dissenting groups that emerged during the Reformation, the Anabaptists were unique in rejecting the idea of an inclusive state church. Fiercely independent and combative, Anabaptists were unable to prevent repeated schisms and were eventually far less successful than Lutherans, Anglicans, or Reformed Protestants.The first Anabaptist fellowship was the Swiss Brethren of Zurich, who emerged in the mid-1520s. The movement spread through the German-speaking lands within a few years, and expanded to the other Protestant regions soon after.Anabaptists argued that the church should consist only of those who were old enough to make a conscious commitment to faith in Christ and a life derived from that faith. They refused to baptize infants. Rejecting any alliance with the secular government, they had no means of coercing members, apart from the tool of disfellowship-ping (usually called "banning").The movement soon became home to a wide variety of opinions. It was greatly embarrassed by the violence associated with the followers of Thomas Munzer and with the communalists who attempted to build an end-time society of MunSTER, Germany. In reaction to the violence, the authorities killed many Anabaptists, who responded by adopting statements opposed to any violent activity; in fact, most of them became pacifists. The states defined the role of the magistrate as the keeper of the social order and reaffirmed their belief in core Christian principles.Many first-generation Anabaptist leaders became martyrs; most believers left their homes to seek havens in the Netherlands and a few tolerant German states. In the late 1530s, Menno Simons welded the majority of the Anabaptists into the major surviving group, the Mennonites. Only a few other small groups, such as the Schwenkfelder Church, continue in the contemporary world.See also Radical Reformation.Further reading:■ Cornelius Krahn, Dutch Anabap-tism: Origin, Spread, Life, and Thought (1450-1600) (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1968)■ C. Arnold Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology: An Introduction (Kitchener, Ontario: Pandora Press, 1995)■ J. Denny Weaver, Becoming Anabaptist: The Origin and Significance of Sixteenth-Century Anabaptism (Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1987)■ George H. Williams, The Radical Reformation (Kirksville, Mo.: Sixteenth Century Journal, 1992).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
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Anabaptists — • A violent and extremely radical body of ecclesiastico civil reformers which first made its appearance in 1521 at Zwickau Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Anabaptists Anabaptists … Catholic encyclopedia
Anabaptists — One of the Protestant movements striving for the reformation of the Christian church. One of its characteristics was the rejection of the baptism of newborn children. A radical branch that adhered to social communism became notorious when,… … Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands
ANABAPTISTS — a fanatical sect which arose in Saxony at the time of the Reformation, and though it spread in various parts of Germany, came at length to grief by the excesses of its adherents in Münster. See BAPTISTS … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
ANABAPTISTS — a collective name for a number of sectarian PROTESTANT GROUPS originating in Germany in the early years of the sixteenth century. Their doctrines varied, but the name stems from their common denial of the validity of INFANT BAPTISM and… … Concise dictionary of Religion
anabaptists — anÂ·a bapÂ·tist || â€šÃ¦nÉ™ bÃ¦ptÉªst n. member of the Protestant sect that opposed infant baptism … English contemporary dictionary
Anabaptists — Анабаптисты … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Anabaptist — Anabaptists (Greek ανα (again, twice) + βαπτιζω (baptize), thus re baptizers [ [http://www.answers.com/topic/anabaptist Anabaptist] at answers.com] ) are Christians of the Radical Reformation. Various groups at various times have been called… … Wikipedia
Theology of Anabaptism — Anabaptists ( re baptizers , from Greek ανα and βαπτιζω ) are Christians of the Radical Reformation.OverviewThe leading elements of Anabaptist theology are:;Believer s Baptism: Baptism is to be administered to believers only.;Symbolism of Holy… … Wikipedia
αναβαπτιστές — (anabaptists). Μέλη ακραίας προτεσταντικής αίρεσης, την οποία ίδρυσε ο Τόμας Μίντσερ στις αρχές του 16ου αι. Το 1525 ο Μίντσερ υποκίνησε μια εξέγερση, γνωστή με την ονομασία Πόλεμος των Χωρικών, εναντίον της χλιαρότητας της Μεταρρύθμισης·… … Dictionary of Greek
Anabaptist — Anabaptism, n. Anabaptistically, adv. /an euh bap tist/, n. 1. a member of any of various Protestant sects, formed in Europe after 1520, that denied the validity of infant baptism, baptized believers only, and advocated social and economic… … Universalium